Galle: Important digestive helpers

21 October 2017

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What the body needs actually Galle? Is with "bile" meant the gallbladder? And that has to do with the liver bile? Many people deal with these issues only when they have symptoms, such as gallstones. But without bile digestion could not run smoothly.

"I was operated on the bile" - Sentences like these certainly one or the other already heard of his acquaintance. Entirely correct but this statement is not: Strictly speaking it concerns with the gall to liquid, which is produced in the cells of the liver - and not to the gallbladder, which is actually meant by the narrator.

Without liver no GalleThe liver is continuously bile from - every day about 600 to 700 milliliters Galle come together. Essentially Galle met two important tasks in the body:

Galle is predominantly of water. It also includes in particular

Every day, the liver cells, the yellow bile from the smallest bile ducts. During a meal the bile passes through the bile ducts of the liver and gets into the so-called Common bile duct, the right in Duodenum empties. Once there, the bile can perform their duties.

we just no food to us, the gut needs less bile. In this case, the bile flows Not in the duodenum, but gets into a kind of reservoir - into the gallbladder.

This mechanism works using a sphincter (The so-called. Sphincter Oddii), which is located in the region of the opening of the bile duct into the duodenum. If no bile is needed, the sphincter is tight - the bile can not pass into the intestines. As a result, bile builds up in front of the sphincter and is the cystic duct diverted into the gallbladder. There it remains until it is needed in the duodenum.

the gut again needs new bile as a digestive aid, it must be released from the gallbladder. The signal for the gallbladder is the messenger cholecystokinin (CCK): Special cells in the small intestine emit this peptide hormone when fatty food enters the small intestine. It causes the sphincter relaxes on the bile duct mouth - the way to the duodenum is now free.

simultaneously the gallbladder contracts and thus are bile into the cystic duct. The bile can now freely go about their tasks in the duodenum. In addition to the hormone CCK also has the autonomic nervous system a bearing on whether the muscles are tense or limp - hence stress plays an important role in digestion.

If the bile acids out its tasks in the intestine, they are not as resigned - but recycled: Are sent through the bloodstream more than 90 percent back to the liver. From there they are again "sent on their way", This cycle is also called enterohepatic circulation (entero = intestine, hepar = liver). So the liver must re-produce only a small percentage of bile.

That bile is important for our body, we often only notice when it disorders is: For example, not enough bile produced or the bile flow is disrupted, food fats can no longer be adequately digested - so-called fatty stools are the result.. The stools will look clayey and shiny and has a sticky consistency.

Another example is gallstones: Located about too much cholesterol in the bile, it can clump together and form a gallstone, which can cause discomfort.

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