Intestinal obstruction (ileus): Symptoms

21 October 2017

With an intestinal obstruction (ileus) associated symptoms may - depending on the nature and cause of the closure - very differently be.

On mechanical Intestinal obstruction (ileus) is characterized by the following symptoms:

If a mechanical bowel obstruction developed the symptoms have almost always take an overactive bowel movements in his way, because: The gut is trying to pass push the digested food through the throat. Over-activity of the intestinal movements are called hyperperistalsis. the doctor listens to the abdomen with a stethoscope down, he hears so-called splashing or whistling bowel sounds. At this stage, a mechanical ileus usually triggers colicky pain. Through the abdominal wall, the intestines feels hard and stiff and sometimes visible emerges as contour. A continuously excited muscles via reflexes cause the intestine is paralyzed.

When a mechanical intestinal obstruction triggers which symptoms also depends on Where lies exactly in the intestine of the closure. Whether the small intestine or large intestine is affected by ileus, can be roughly divided based on symptoms:

On functional paralytic Intestinal obstruction (ileus) caused as a main symptoms a slow onset, moderate persistent pain, nausea, vomiting and belching like surge. In contrast to the mechanically-induced bowel obstruction, the doctor when listening to the abdomen decreased or absent bowel sounds fixed, the latter is also referred to as "dead silence",

developed a functional paralytic ileus, the abdomen is initially soft and strong filled with gas. Only when the peritoneum is inflamed in this form of intestinal obstruction, the symptoms change: Then the belly is hard and distended (so-called. abdominal distension).

A mixed intestinal obstruction (ileus) shows symptoms of both the mechanical and the functional bowel obstruction in varying degrees.


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