Flu vaccine (flu shot): What you should know!
Yes, the flu vaccine does not provide 100 percent protection - in rare cases, vaccinated with the flu may impair health. This can have several reasons:
The vaccine of the flu vaccine is
In adults, the doctor usually injected the vaccine into a muscle (intramuscular injection) - for example in the upper arm. Since February 2009, a vaccine is approved, the doctor only a few millimeters into the middle layer of skin below the epidermis (dermis, dermis) injected (so-called. Intradermal injection). There you will find many immune cells, so that this form of vaccination can lead to a good reaction of the immune system. Both young and older people to be equally well protected by the vaccine, such as by the conventional vaccine into the muscle.
Inactivated flu vaccines are as Triple or quadruple vaccines Available - physicians also speak of
Trivalent influenza vaccines directed against two influenza A strains and one influenza B strain. Tetravalent vaccines contain the same antigens as the triple vaccines, but in addition also antigens from a further B virus.
So far, WHO has Not in favor of a general use of the quadrivalent influenza vaccines. In the regulation of the flu vaccine, doctors are therefore generally not set to a manufacturer or a specific vaccine class. For cost reasons, get insured patients in Germany but most of the trivalent flu vaccine. Who still wants to quadruple agent, must bear their own costs in general.
Danger: People who are allergic to chicken should inform their doctor beforehand. Since the virus to produce the vaccine in chicken eggs are grown, can enter and cause an allergic shock caused by the vaccination of poultry traces of protein in the human body.
What causes a vaccination in the body? Find out in the video how the immune system responds to a vaccine and why vaccinations are important!
A flu shot is obtained in
may vaccinate principle any doctor, no matter which discipline he belongs. If potential exists for the workplace with increased risk of infection, employers often organize the flu vaccine for their employees.
In the flu vaccine, the side effects are limited mainly to harmless, temporary discomfort. These include, for example,
After the flu vaccine show up to 9 100 vaccinees cold-like symptoms - as fever, chills or sweating, fatigue, headache, muscle or joint pain. Usually these symptoms disappear within one to two days without consequence again.
THe flu vaccine by nasal spray can cause a stuffy or runny nose in some children.
As with any vaccine, some people may show even after influenza vaccination allergic reactions. Because the vaccine contains egg protein normally, vaccination for people who are allergic to this can be dangerous.
There is no evidence that a flu shot during pregnancy is dangerous. Since it is a dead vaccine, the flu vaccination for pregnant women and the unborn child is considered safe.
We come close zuvorImpflücken the flu and to promote knowledge about the disease, the goal of the joint campaign "We get the flu before" the Federal Office for Health Education (BZgA) and the RKI.