Spina bifida (spina bifida)
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Spina bifida (spina bifida) is a congenital malformation of the spine and the spinal cord, can occur in different degrees of severity.
Spina bifida occurs when the so-called neural tube, from which the spine and spinal cord develop the embryo, while the third or fourth week of pregnancy closes not right. Therefore, the Spina bifida is a so-called neural tube defect (As well as known as anencephaly malformation of the skull and brain).
The exact causes of spina bifida are still unclear. The trigger for the malformation are both hereditary and environmental factors in question. as a special risk factors that birth defects spina bifida occurs apply:
The occurring at a spina bifida symptoms depend on whether and how hard the spinal cord is damaged by the gap formation. Possible Symptoms range from a slight impairment of the ability to walk to paraplegia with impaired bladder and bowel function. Most spina bifida results in that cerebrospinal fluid in the brain water chambers dams (water head or hydrocephalus).
The spina bifida diagnose can succeed during pregnancy already: Often spina bifida in prenatal ultrasound can be seen. Besides, it is for the early detection of malformation possible to examine the blood of pregnant women in the sixteenth week of pregnancy (so-called. Triple-test).
The therapy of spina bifida depends on the severity of the deformity. Comprehensive medical care of children can make a high life expectancy and quality. Nevertheless, spina bifida often makes a lifelong medical care needed.