Gallbladder: catch basin for Galle
When the gallbladder is a small pear-shaped hollow organ located below the liver in the right upper abdomen. The middle part of the gallbladder is firmly adherent to the liver.
The gallbladder has actually only a concrete function: It stores the bile between meals juices produced by the liver and releases it when needed in the duodenum. The gallbladder serves almost as a "catch basin" the bile juices - she herself does not produce liquid.
The energy stored in the gallbladder bile is essential for digestion - particularly for fat digestion. Once you've eaten, the gallbladder contracts and pushes the bile through the bile ducts into the duodenum. There the bile breaks down the fats from food into small droplets so that certain enzymes, they then break down.
The gallbladder helps to say essentially in the fat digestion. Some people call falsely the gallbladder itself as bile. Under bile is, however, strictly speaking understands the Bile juices.
The liver is a day about a half to one liter of yellow bile - one also calls this liquid as Liver bile. However, since the gall bladder can accommodate only about 50 to 60 milliliters of liquid, the gallbladder bile thickens to greenish bladder bile on.
The Main components of bile are:
Because the bile juices are produced in the liver and not in the gallbladder, a life without gallbladder is possible. Removal of the gallbladder, doctors call this a cholecystectomy, may be useful for painful gallbladder disease - for example,
There are two types of operations to remove a gallbladder:
In recent years, the laparoscopic approach - that is, the doctor removes the gallbladder minimally invasive during a laparoscopy - replaced open surgery largely. About 95 percent of cholecystectomies done laparoscopically today (that is, without large incisions).
In order to remove the gallbladder laparoscopically, not much intervention is necessary (so-called. Keyhole surgery). The surgeon makes above or below the navel an approximately two centimeters long incision through which he an optical instrument (laparoscope) into the abdominal cavity feeds. Subsequently, the physician uses three small incisions along the right costal margin to remove with other surgical instruments (for example, clip forceps and scissors), the gallbladder.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a safe procedure - complications rarely occur.
After doctors have the gallbladder removed, the storage organ for that produced in the liver bile is missing. This little bile constantly flows from the liver into the intestine. Larger amounts of bile can then no longer be released into the intestine.
Those who live without gall bladders principle must hold no special diet. Nevertheless, it is recommended that those affected after a cholecystectomy Avoid high-fat meals, to fat digestion problems prevent.