Gastric & shy; inflammation (gastritis)

21 October 2017

© Jupiter Images / iStockphoto

An inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) can be acute or chronic. Significant problems occur with this, especially in acute gastritis. Chronic gastritis however, often causes no symptoms.

Facts about Gastritis

The gastritis is a gastritis. It can occur when the stomach too much acid forms or ...

An inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) different symptoms cause. Depending on how quickly the disease develops and how long it lasts, we differentiate between acute and chronic forms.

A gastritis can develop over a long time, without to make itself felt by special symptoms: Such chronic gastritis so often remains undiscovered for long. Only in rare Cases causes chronic gastritis symptoms, such as:

The gastric juice contains stomach acid. It is important, inter alia, to digest food well. In addition, the acidic gastric juice serves as a first barrier against germs. Normally, the stomach lining protects the deeper layers of the stomach wall (for example, the muscles of the stomach) from the aggressive gastric acid. When the stomach but too much acid forms or Protective layer damaged is, a gastritis arise. This occurs either in acute form and sounds soon off again or becomes chronic (long-lasting) course.

Gastritis: The anatomy of the stomach © LifeArt image / 2001 / Lippncott Williams & Wilkins all rights rese

Construction of the stomach: When gastritis type B the antral area is usually affected.

Since the acidic gastric juice plays an important role in the development of acute gastritis, come for treatment, especially medication used, the formation of inhibit gastric acid (So-called. antacids). Most effective proton pump inhibitors are here (for example, the active ingredients omeprazole, pantoprazole, esomeprazole). In addition, agents that block the so-called histamine-2 receptor (H2 -receptor antagonists such as cimetidine and ranitidine), and thus also inhibit the production of gastric acid, can contribute to the treatment.

For an acute inflammation of the stomach, this treatment helps in several ways: On the one hand, the reduced stomach acid production alleviates the problems associated with gastritis pain, on the other hand, the mucous membrane of the acid to recover. Also antacids (So-called. Antacids), which neutralize stomach acid, can improve your symptoms. However, they do not reduce the amount of acid produced.

uptight the stomach by acute gastritis strong, come to treat more drugs being: Then help means the Stomach movement stimulate (So-called. Prokinetics such as metoclopramide or domperidone with the active ingredients).

It is also important at a gastritis, damaging the gastric mucosa as little as possible and to irritate. To support the treatment should be the best, at least temporarily following things avoid:

In terms of diet the following can Tips at a gastritis be helpful:

Gastritis: The picture shows a woman eating noodles. © Jupiterimages / Stockbyte

You can improve your gastritis using the diet.

less suitable at a gastritis is a diet the following foods or cooking methods:

In some cases, it makes a gastritis necessary nutrition for a time completely on liquid diet switch in order to protect the stomach. Many people with gastritis is bad also, so that they automatically adjust their diet to their well-being.

An inflammation of the stomach (gastritis) acute occur, so suddenly and with noticeable stomach discomfort. Acute gastritis is usually short-lived. but an inflammation of the stomach may also chronic run, that develop over a longer period. In chronic gastritis rarely symptoms occur.

At a gastritis with chronic course less favorable prognosis may: Chronic gastritis may require a lengthy treatment and sometimes damage the stomach in the long run.

At a gastritis can lead to various complications come. The inflammation may pass into a gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer in severely damaged gastric mucosa. It can cause gastrointestinal bleeding or a perforation (stomach perforation). In these cases, it is usually very poor the victims - then it is important to take quick medical attention.

to get stomach cancer the risk is also increased at a gastritis with damaged stomach lining. In people with chronic gastritis by Helicobacter pylori is the risk - compared with uninfected people - two to three times as high.

Infection with Helicobacter pylori can be treated usually good with medication. However, gastritis occurs in some cases in spite of successful treatment again (so-called. Recurrent course). Aftercare those concerned therefore can best be studied again at longer intervals.

In the other forms of chronic gastritis (type A and C) is a follow-up in the form of a regular medical examinations because of the (albeit low) increased cancer risk is recommended.

If you want to prevent an inflammation of the stomach (gastritis), it is generally advisable to gastroresistant nutrition to pay attention. This means: not only at a gastritis food and drinks avoid that irritate the stomach and you are not well tolerated. This is the case for very sharp and hot food as well as alcohol and coffee.

Since an inflammation of the stomach can be caused by stress, it is also recommended, reduce stress. Relaxation techniques like autogenous training and progressive muscle relaxation according to Jacobsen, for example, contribute to the mental well-being. Under heavy stress-related gastritis, your doctor may prescribe preventive antacids (Proton pump inhibitors).

Because smoking also damage the stomach lining, it is useful for the prevention of gastritis, on kicking the habit. If you regularly drugs assume that damage the stomach (e.g., painkiller from the group of NSAID), it can after consultation with your doctor be advisable to discontinue the medication and talk about alternatives.

Is your stomach demonstrably colonized with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori without this draws complaints or mucosal damage as bacterial colonization does not require (preventive) treatment. Only when a gastritis or an ulcer or symptoms occur, treatment with antibiotics and acid blockers (so-called. Eradikations- or triple therapy) advisable.


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