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Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea - often lies a gastrointestinal virus behind these complaints. The virus causes a gastrointestinal flu, which is accompanied by an inflammation of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestines. Vomiting and diarrhea is the unpleasant result.
A gastrointestinal flu is quite contagious - it is usually by a contact infection transfer: The viruses come from stool and vomit of the patient to surfaces and objects. From there, the germs can get on their hands in the body of another person who infects himself in this way with the gastrointestinal virus.
Also possible: The gastrointestinal virus spreads through a Droplet infection, such as when infected droplets are transmitted over the air directly to another person during vomiting. A gastrointestinal virus can spread very rapidly sometimes, for example in kindergartens, hospitals, retirement or nursing homes. In 2007, in Germany, about 400,000 cases of gastrointestinal flu occurred. Most of these were a result of a gastrointestinal virus.
Especially Infants and children affected by gastrointestinal viruses: In the first three years of life every child sick about two to three times a year at a gastro-intestinal flu.
A gastrointestinal virus usually leads to rather sudden symptoms such as:
Depending on which to gastrointestinal virus is, the complaints fall right mildly or rather violently out. In adults, norovirus, in infants and young children rotavirus, the leading cause of gastro-intestinal flu.
A gastrointestinal virus may also belong to the group of Astro viruses, Corona viruses or adenoviruses.
at Infants, toddlers and old people - especially if pre-existing conditions exist - brings a gastrointestinal flu certain risks with it. Appropriate therapy by a physician is important for these groups of people. Old people can be particularly weaken infection with Norovirus. Strong diarrhea and vomiting can lead to severe fluid and electrolyte loss. In severe cases, organs get affected, such as the kidneys. Possible consequence: kidney failure.
Depending on how severe the symptoms caused by a gastrointestinal virus, a therapy in the hospital may be required. There, the person gets at large fluid loss or in cases where he does not drink enough or can drink the required nutrients through a vein as infusion or administered via a nasogastric tube into the stomach.