Iron metabolism

21 October 2017

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Iron metabolism includes the uptake, distribution and excretion of iron in the body. If it comes here to disrupt or cause an imbalance, this can have consequences for health.

Iron (chem. Signs = Fe) is the most abundant trace element in the human body. The total iron hand amounts in adults about 4 to 5 grams, of which there are about two-thirds in the red blood pigment hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is primarily responsible for oxygen transport in the body. Iron is significantly involved in the binding of oxygen to this dye. The residual iron is the iron stores and in the myoglobin, the oxygen storage of the muscles. In the iron-containing enzymes are located about 8 milligrams.

In order to maintain the iron metabolism, an iron dietary intake is necessary because the body constantly loses iron (e.g., via urine and bile or by bleeding).

Facts About Iron

Iron is the most common trace element in the human body. A healthy adult has thereof 3-5 grams.

Most doctors can determine the iron metabolism in order to clarify causes of anemia (anemia): Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia (so-called iron deficiency anemia.). But not every anemia due to a lack of iron - in this case, treatment with iron supplements without prior examination of the iron metabolism may have a negative impact.

Iron deficiency is particularly important in Women sexually mature age often because they regularly lose iron through menstruation and can not replace sufficiently by the food there in many cases. But also chronic inflammation or tumors can lower iron levels. Iron overload (so-called haemochromatosis.), However, is rare; it can emerge as an independent disease or as part of another disorder. The iron levels in the blood provide information about a disturbance in iron metabolism.

(Depending on the literature that standard values ​​may differ low.)


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