Erysipelas (erysipelas): a sudden flare-up of skin infection
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Erysipelas (also called erysipelas or erysipelas) is triggered by inflammation of the skin bacteria. You can only come when the exciting - mostly A streptococci - from minor injury (such as small lacerations, eczema or athlete's foot between the toes) enter the lymph of the dermis. Within hours or a few days, then develop flame-shaped, clearly defined red.
Typically, erysipelas occurs suddenly and is associated with severe malaise. The inflamed skin area feels warm and there is a more or less severe fluid retention (edema), a feeling of tension and pain. In severe cases, even bubbles can form. In addition, many people develop a erysipelas following complaints:
skin infection spreads along the lymph from the lymphatic vessels can ignite (lymphangitis): Then erysipelas typically forms tongue-shaped streamers and sometimes the lymph nodes lying in the lymphatic drainage are swollen. Especially often occurs erysipelas on the leg. The face is also often affected - in this case one speaks of a erysipelas.
100,000 residents get in an average of around 100 - mostly adults - erysipelas. a particularly high risk for erysipelas have people whose Defenses weakened are - for example because they are older, have AIDS or are taking medications that suppress the immune system (for example, after an organ transplant). Even people with circulatory disorders (eg diabetes) are at increased risk of infection skin.
To avoid complications, makes a rapid erysipelas therapy needed with an antibiotic. Most penicillin is used: In severe cases, the person concerned initially received the funds as an infusion into a vein (intravenously). the erysipelas begins to improve, you can switch to tablets after a few days.
In an erysipelas on the arm or leg in addition, it is advisable to store the corresponding limb high and cool. it is important in erysipelas also to make the point locate where the pathogens are enters the body: This area is then treated so that it heals completely.
Early and treated properly erysipelas disappears without sequelae. Complications as a result of erysipelas - like phlebitis (thrombophlebitis) or blood poisoning - are then rare.