Dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality & shy; disorder)
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Note for those affected in reading the text: Possible cues for victims have been masked not in this text by asterisks (*).
The dissociative identity disorder (DIS) - also known as multiple personality disorder (MPS) - can memory lapses and strange events result: It can happen, for example, that the parties involved are suddenly find themselves in an unfamiliar place or hang foreign garments in her wardrobe.
Who has a dissociative identity disorder, can experience these and similar situations, without that a direct physiological effects of substances (such as alcohol) or illness is behind it, because: In this disorder are two or more distinct identities or personality states present who repeatedly take control of the behavior (so-called. multiple personality).
Because the identity that denies the majority of normal everyday life, the other identities often unaware is a multiple personality can not recall important personal information often. The characteristic of a dissociative partial identities for example, differ in their names, preferences and behaviors of each other. Moreover, they can also show physiological differences: For example, one part personality allergic to any substance that triggers when another no allergy.
The dissociative identity disorder is a kind protective reaction represents: Cause for splitting into two or more partial identities is a strong trauma in childhood (E.g., repeated abuse). The multiple personality disorder is to be understood as an attempt to cope with the trauma experienced: Sufferers dissociate - that means, you separate the real events from awareness from. In adulthood, however, the multiple personality is a hindrance in dealing with everyday life, so that they increasingly can affect stressful.
Mostly the multiple personality disorder occurs along with a number other symptoms on (for example, depression, aggression, self-injurious behavior, etc.). This often leads to misdiagnosis. The dissociative identity disorder properly diagnose to, there is a questionnaire available.
to treat a dissociative identity disorder is usually lengthy. The therapy is aimed at the greatest possible stabilization to reach those affected. In addition to coping with everyday life while getting to know and the cooperation of the partial identities are interrelated in the foreground.
To the extent permitted dissociative identity disorder, it is advisable to process the traumatic experiences in the treatment - with the aim to merge the partial identities with each other. But while it is important to always Possibilities and needs of each affected to put to the fore: Quite often a multiple personality rejects the merger of partial identities from a therapeutic goal.