Thrombosis, blood clots: What evidence is there?

21 October 2017

© Jupiter Images / iStockphoto

In addition to gender and age, there are other risk factors that may increase the likelihood of thrombosis.

What is thrombosis?

Thrombosis is the Closure of a blood vessel by a blood clot (So-called. Thrombus). Most often the deep leg and pelvic veins are affected. As a result, symptoms such as Pain and a swelling On the leg occur.

Do you suspect that you have an thrombosis might be, you should have your complaints clarify as soon as possible by a physician to let. Because with a thrombosis is primarily a rapid initiation of treatment important.

Thrombosis symptoms are often atypical in the initial phase. Depending on the thrombosis occurs at which point - where the blood clot is so - it causes different signs and symptoms.

as possible Signs of a thrombosis of the leg veins The following symptoms apply:

Thrombosis such symptoms can occur, but do not have to. On what evidence is it varies significantly from person to person.

Develops as a result of thrombosis pulmonary embolism, enter added symptoms that affect breathing and circulation. Depending on the severity of the embolism, the symptoms of mild shortness of breath and dizziness rich to strong shortness of breath and great anxiety and restlessness. Who determines these signs, you should immediately see a doctor or call an ambulance.

A Thrombosis in the arm is often very painful. The arm is swollen and the veins are characterized reinforced at the surface. Thrombosis in the arm gets clearer symptoms emerged as a thrombosis in his leg. With this clear signs are often missing.

Thrombosis, blood clots: What evidence is there?

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If a blood clot occludes a vessel (so-called thrombosis.) Can be typically one or traced back more of the following:

Blood clots: The schematic representation of atherosclerosis. © Jupiter Images / iStockphoto

Formation of a blood clot in an artery due to deposits in the vessels

Various risk factors favor a blood clot arises:

Is due to the complaints of suspected thrombosis, the doctor confirms the diagnosis with imaging procedures as an ultrasound examination. Since the therapy success depends crucially on how long the blood clot already exists in suspected thrombosis rapid diagnosis is important.

To rule out a blood clot, the doctor, the concentration can also the D-dimers determine the blood. D-dimers in the cleavage of fibrin, a major protein of blood coagulation. The concentration of D-dimers increases in case of thrombosis, but also by other factors. From an elevated level so you can not automatically connect to a blood clot.

To prove thrombosis or excluded are special ultrasound examinations (Compression ultrasound, Doppler sonography). They are now considered standard methods to detect thrombosis. Also, an x-ray with contrast (venography) may shed light, in this case, however, the radiation exposure to remember. In addition, some people are allergic to the administered contrast agent.

In the course of thrombosis may be different complications come. The most feared complication is embolism. This occurs when the blood clot or a part thereof dissolves and is swept away with the blood. The clot can pass through the veins and the right heart into the lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism. Up to every second afflicted with deep venous thrombosis as a complication of pulmonary embolism variable severity occur.

An equally serious complication is when bacteria colonize the blood clot and this spread to the bloodstream (blood poisoning). In such a case, treatment can help with antibiotics.

Sometimes a so-called developed post-thrombotic syndrome. It manifests itself in a so-called chronic venous insufficiency. This term refers to a permanent venous insufficiency with the associated consequences:

varicose veins arise when the affected vessel remains closed. Then bypass paths form on the surface veins. If the Blutabstrom - especially from the legs - permanently disabled, can be characterized ulcers (ulcus cruris) form: the so-called open leg. An open leg heals rather poor in general.

Thrombosis prognosis depends largely on the prehistory from. Those who already had a thrombosis, have an increased risk of further thrombosis. If risk factors are present, sufferers should comply consistently preventive measures (thromboprophylaxis).

It is also crucial at a thrombosis, how quickly a proper treatment was started. A blood clot can be dissolved with medication only within a short period in the early stages of retinal vein occlusion. Therefore it is important to act quickly in case of suspected thrombosis in order to achieve the best possible prognosis.

ICD-10 diagnostic codes:

Here you will find the appropriate ICD-10 code "Thrombosis, blood clots":


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