Anemia (anemia): Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Pale skin, concentration problems, dizziness: Anemia can manifest itself in many symptoms. The most common cause is a lack of certain nutrients such as iron or folic acid. But greater blood loss and diseases such as infections and kidney damage can cause anemia. How is this handled? And how can it be prevented?
What is anemia (anemia)?
When anemia is called a deficiency of red blood pigment (hemoglobin) and / or red blood cells (erythrocytes).
Blood is about half from blood plasma (a liquid) and the other half of cells. A majority of these cells make red blood cells (erythrocytes) : they carry oxygen from the lungs to organs and tissues. Bound oxygen is hemoglobin, the "red blood pigment",
Since it lacks people with anemia to red blood cells and / or hemoglobin, her body is not sufficiently supplied with oxygen. This results in various symptoms. These include
Anemia is a very common symptom of various underlying diseases. Here is the Iron deficiency anemia 80 percent of all anemias the common form.
Women in particular are affected. they lose again and again over the menstrual blood - about 60 milliliters per month. This also iron is lost, which is bound to the erythrocytes. In Europe, iron deficiency anemia affects about 1 in 10 women of childbearing age in developing countries even 5 of the 10th
Anemia occurs when:
Red blood cells only live about 120 days, after which the body breaks them down. However, the bone marrow constantly produces new blood cells: 160 million per minute. When anemia, this process is disrupted. There are many different forms of anemia:
The Iron deficiency anemia is the most common form of anemia: About 80 of every 100 people with anemia, iron deficiency is the cause. Such a deficiency can arise when
In tropical and subtropical countries such as Indonesia or the Middle East iron deficiency anemia occur further as a result of infection with the hookworm on. This parasite attaches itself to the intestinal wall and sucks blood there, about 20 to 30 microliters per day. In Germany, however, the worm is not native.
If the body breaks down more than blood cells forms, the result is a so-called hemolytic anemia (Greek. Haima = blood lysis = resolution). The destruction of red blood cells occurs as a result of:
Anemia may also have is that the red blood cells are not evenly distributed in the body their causes.
This can occur, when the spleen is enlarged morbid, as is the case for example when so-called Hyperspleniesyndrom. The spleen has among its tasks to dismantle old red blood cells. For this purpose it filters all the blood and retains old or malformed red blood cells. The spleen is too large, it collects more in erythrocytes and builds too many of them from.
Anemia manifests itself usually in:
The most common form of anemia, iron deficiency anemia, also frequently causes:
Depending on the underlying disease that causes anemia, other symptoms may happen.
If the doctor suspects that a disease of the kidney, spleen or bone marrow are the cause of anemia, it will also examine these organs.
The most common form of anemia is the Iron deficiency anemia. To determine this, especially following laboratory values are crucial:
If the doctor anemia is detected in then search for its cause. These can further investigations be required, for example:
The treatment of anemia depends on the cause. In most cases, the cause is a iron deficiency. This in turn by most bleeding caused. Therefore, the physician first for possible sources of bleeding (eg. As a stomach ulcer) is looking for and try to to eliminate these.
Lacks the patients in iron, because he side-fed has, he should coordinate his diet on his iron needs.
Insufficient a change of diet, it may be advisable that the patient (sulfate, iron (II), 2 to 6 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day) iron supplements consumes. He should take the supplements sober and not with milk, tea or coffee.
The therapy usually lasts three to six months - by this time the body iron stores are replenished. In case of heavy iron deficiency anemia, intravenous administration of iron can be useful, wherein the iron is administered through a vein.
Also other diseases, leading to anemia, can be treated:
Generally speaking, for the treatment of anemia: No treatment on their own. A doctor should clarify exactly before beginning therapy, which cause anemia and has to choose the right strategy.
The course of anemia depends on the cause. The most common form, Iron deficiency anemia, can generally to treat well. Without treatment, it can over the years to a number of complications come:
(For certain risk groupsPremature babies with a birth weight of less than 2500 grams, Pregnant women) may also be useful take iron supplements as a precaution. Previously they were to, however, consult their doctor.