Runny nose (rhinitis): If your nose runs constantly

21 October 2017

© iStock

Hardly anyone is spared from the common cold in winter. sniffs at each corner and sneezes it. Most take a cold only about a week, but sometimes it just does not go away. Especially babies can make tremendous problems for such a cold, because they then drinking and sleeping difficult. Fortunately, there are home remedies that can help get rid of a cold quickly.

A rhinitis (fachsprachlich: rhinitis) can occur when viruses invade the mucosal cells of the nose and multiply there. In most cases these are the so-called rhinoviruses, but other viruses are eligible. By the viral infection, the immune system is activated, resulting in different defense reactions.

In addition to the constantly running nose, it comes with a runny nose also often a sneeze. This is an important defensive the body - because with the followed Ausniesen of nasal discharge and the pathogens are flushed. In the further course inflamed the nasal mucosa and swells. This inflammation is called fachsprachlich rhinitis - better known as sniff.

Popularly it is: "A cold coming three days will remain three days and comes three days." However, the sniffing the underlying infection in the ear-nose-throat area can also expand and cause, for example, a sinus infection (sinusitis).

"normal" Rhinitis or allergic rhinitis? 

A slight head cold quickly get rid of, you do not see a doctor the same: There is a lot you can do yourself.

The popular home remedy for colds are:

Thus, the common cold and even the common cold usually disappear after about a week. In one caused by a bacterial infection rhinitis antibiotics are added if necessary for the therapy.

Non-prescription Decongestants and nasal sprays from the pharmacy with the active ingredients xylometazoline or oxymetazoline help keep the nasal mucosa subsides quickly and can breathe freely again. These drugs are effective - after some time, however, one type "habituation" occur. Therefore, one should nasal drops or sprays against colds not more than one week use.

Again and again we hear the advice that you should drink plenty of fluids for colds. So far, however, there are no scientific evidence that increasing fluid intake can help combat colds. The effectiveness of acupuncture and homeopathy can because of inconsistent data situation not be conclusively assessed.

At a allergic rhinitis it is recommended first, the causative allergen (e.g., pollen, animal hair) - if possible - to be avoided. As a preventive therapy people can take products containing cromolyn with allergic rhinitis. In addition comes possibly immunotherapy into consideration.

Plug nasal polyps and a septum Warp behind the rhinitis is optionally question surgery.

The image shows three children with colds, brushing their noses. © iStock

Cold is usually caused by a viral infection. Antibiotics are only used when behind the common cold bacterial infection.

Cold can affect anyone: Even infants and babies suffer more times with a cold - if older siblings bring especially the odd virus from the day care center or school to take home. Since babies breathe predominantly through the nose, making them particularly to create a stuffy nose.

Parents can help their offspring by

Vasoconstrictor nose drops containing the active ingredients oxymetazoline or xylometazoline are approved in weaker doses for infants and babies. Nevertheless: Use decongestant nose drops sparingly and not more than one week!

Rhinitis is a defense reaction of the body. This reaction is triggered when viruses, bacteria or other substances irritate the nasal mucosa. Particularly frequently occurs runny nose during a cold on - but also of allergic rhinitis is common and manifests itself mainly as hay fever or as part of an animal allergy.

Find out more

As the ending "-it is" suggests rhinitis in the name, it is in a cold an inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Physicians distinguish between acute rhinitis and chronic rhinitis. 

If a cold the cause of the acute rhinitis , it is with an acute infection with different virus types, for example,

The viruses enter through small droplets (droplet infection) in the nasal mucosa - for example if you were angenießt or raised coughs. In response, the nasal mucosa, which leads to an increased production of aqueous, transparent mucus inflamed. The result: You get cold. 

On chronic cold caused by a lasting inflammation of the nasal mucosa. The causes of chronic rhinitis include

Video: Allergic rhinitis - how it happens?

Other causes that may be responsible for a cold are:

A runny nose (rhinitis) can usually been based on the typical symptoms seen:

The condition and the time when it comes to colds, provide important information for a more accurate diagnosis. An allergic rhinitis occurs mainly for Pollen season in spring , and most affected is known her hay fever already from previous years. With a new-onset allergic rhinitis can get tested at the doctor to which allergens (eg grass pollen or animal hair) is very sensitive.

In many cases, rhinitis occurs as a harmless symptom as part of a cold - especially in the cold season is a stuffy nose are not uncommon. Who has a cold, often suffers next to the common cold in addition to:

To find out if the common cold by a cold, allergy or other diseases caused, the physician first a few questions about the precise complaints.

The following is a thorough examination of the nose, throat and upper body. For a more precise diagnosis, your doctor will occasionally from blood.

Depending on the suspected cause of the common cold more studies are useful, for example, ENT medical examinations of the nose and paranasal sinuses, microbiological tests of nasal discharge on germs, radiology, ultrasound and allergy testing.

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The Facts Health Check you know when and how to use antibiotics in children makes sense.


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