Campylobacter infection: Most blame for diarrhea in summer
Campylobacter infection results (so-called. Campylobacteriosis) to an intestinal inflammation which is associated with diarrhea. In general, they will heal on its own.
Campylobacter bacteria are worldwide common. Their natural habitat have the pathogen in intestinal tract many wildlife (E.g. birds and mammals), Pets (For example, dogs and cats) and livestock (V. A. Poultry) - without making them sick in general.
At the People comes Campylobacter usually not in front of intestinal flora. During infection, the bacteria multiply in the bile or in the upper small intestine. Here (enterotoxin called.) They migrate to the intestinal mucosa and enter the poison from that harms the body and is one of the causes of occurring diarrhea.
come at a Campylobacter infection Various sources of infection question.
From animals to humans Campylobacter bacteria enter predominantly indirectly. The most common causes are
Since both animals and humans excrete at a Campylobacter infection, the bacteria in the feces or stool, is also a direct transfer possible through smear infections from animals to humans or from humans to humans. Thus the Campylobacter infection is one of the zoonoses. This refers to diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. As animal carriers of Campylobacter infection, especially dogs and cats are eligible.
A contagion exists as long excrete Campylobacter infected people, the bacteria in the feces. This takes an average of two to four weeks. If the immune system weakened, the elimination of the bacteria but (so-called long-term excretion.), After a Campylobacter infection last much longer.
At a Campylobacter infection, the time between infection and outbreak of the disease is (the so-called. Incubation) one to ten days, but usually two to five days.
The symptoms, occurring at a Campylobacter infection are always similar in general. Which stuck no matter Campylobacter behind the infection. Typically solve the bacteria in humans inflammatory bowel disease from even Campylobacteriosis called. Only the bacteria Campylobacter fetus leads to a different disease and therefore is to be distinguished from the typical Campylobacter infections.
At a typical Campylobacter infection occur (for instance with Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli or Campylobacter lari) the first symptoms on average two to five days. Usually it comes in the beginning on the following complaints:
An infection caused by Campylobacter fetus is through additional severe symptoms in because: When a disease caused by Campylobacter fetus the pathogens do not stay in the gut, but spread via the blood in other organs. In this way, the bacteria dissolve next diarrhea various other diseases from such as
Infection with Campylobacter fetus during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
In order to provide a reliable diagnosis at a Campylobacter infection, it is necessary, the causative subsequent pathogen. For a enteritis (enteritis) other causes can trigger symptoms similar to an infection caused by Campylobacter.
In Germany, the species Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are mostly responsible for bacterial diarrheal diseases of humans. The detection of these pathogens is possible using Blood or stool samples.
Even in the very rare campylobacter fetus infection, the diagnosis is usually possible without difficulty with samples of stool or blood and from CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) or pus.
Normally starting the therapy aims at a Campylobacter infection once on the to treat symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, because the disease usually heals by itself. Primarily, the treatment is therefore to the products resulting from the watery diarrhea compensate for fluid and electrolyte losses. For this it is important to take enough fluid; you may be given this infusion.
Campylobacter infection usually takes a good course: In most cases, the inflammation of the intestine heals (so-called campylobacteriosis.) Consequences - even without antibiotic treatment. At about 10 to 20 percent of those affected, especially in children a Campylobacter infection can, however, recur cause or chronic intestinal inflammation.
With an infection with Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli or Campylobacter lari it can in some cases complications come:
You can prevent Campylobacter infection by adequate hygiene to care. This means above all:
Even after a decayed Campylobacter infection and particularly with heavier disease processes can be long excrete a few weeks the pathogen in the stool and thus infect other people. By washing your hands after using the toilet, however, the risk is that you infect someone reduce.