Ankylosing spondylitis (ankylosing spondylitis)

21 October 2017

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Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic, inflammatory rheumatic disease that mainly affects the joints - especially the spine. Often they suffer seat and back pain and restricted mobility in the lumbar region, in particular in the morning after waking up.

Ankylosing spondylitis - also known as ankylosing spondylitis - usually begins in early adulthood and appears to run in families. First signs of ankylosing spondylitis is a deep-seated pain in the lumbar spine, the most

Cause of this pain (so-called. Arthritis) inflammation primarily of the spine and joints of the limbs. These typical for ankylosing spondylitis inflammation can for a long time come and go until they are usually quite sometime die down.

At the same inflammation in the spine can cause the edges of the joints are first replaced by fibrocartilage and then ossify. Gradually, bony clips between the vertebral bodies form (so-called. Syndesmophytes) so that the entire Spine increasingly stiffened (Hence the name ankylosing spondylitis or. ankylosing spondylitis: lat. ankylosing = stiffening).

As the disease progresses exactly is very different. In some cases, people have only now and then from back pain and slight movement restrictions. Sometimes the spinal fusion during ankylosing spondylitis but is even visible from the outside - the patient then show a clearly pronounced humpback.

A completely stiffened the spine, called Bamboo spine, but only comes Rare in front.

The graph shows the time course of ankylosing spondylitis.

Ankylosing spondylitis usually begins with inflammation in the sacroiliac joint and spine. Gradually, bony adhesions between the vertebral bodies may form, whereby the spine gradually stiffened. (Source: Wikimedia Commons, Senseiwa, CC BY-SA 3.0)

In many cases, not only the spine and large joints are affected in ankylosing spondylitis, but also, among others,

Although Ankylosing spondylitis is a rheumatic disease, but are among those affected no determine rheumatoid factor. are instead radiographs and the magnetic resonance imaging suitable to diagnose ankylosing spondylitis.

So far, ankylosing spondylitis is not curable, although - with a consistently applied therapy can its course but in any case a positive influence. 

The A and O with ankylosing spondylitis therapy is regular gymnastics! These individuals should daily (preferably in the morning) perform very specific tailored to the particular disease state exercises that improve the mobility of the spine and relieve symptoms.

In addition, there are special in many cities With ankylosing spondylitis treatment groups under the guidance of qualified therapists. Here, the patients learn a variety of different exercises that they can imitate easily at home - as well as water aerobics and therapeutically oriented motor sports are part of group therapy. 

Anti-inflammatory drugs - such as diclofenac or indomethacin and corticosteroids - are the second most with ankylosing spondylitis therapy. Is also the hip joint from the ankylosing spondylitis affected, in some cases, a surgical hip replacement may be necessary. 


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