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Migraine is one of the most common types of headache. It occurs paroxysmal and usually affects one side of the head. The pain is often throbbing or pulsating. Often other symptoms such as light and noise sensitivity, blurred vision, loss of appetite and nausea accompanying a migraine attack.
About 6 to 8 of a hundred men and 12 to 14 out of a hundred women suffer repeated migraine attacks. In about one in four women in their lifetime occurs once migraine.
Physicians distinguish between different forms of migraine. The main forms are
The most frequent is migraine without aura with symptoms such as headache, nausea or sensitivity to light. migraine with aura has about one fourth to fifth Migraine Patient: In addition to the classic migraine symptoms occur certain neurological symptoms - especially visual disturbances that precede the headache attack.
Researchers and discuss various possible causes of migraine. This includes the thesis that the Distribution of the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin disturbed is. You may also see a certain area in the brain stem plays a role in migraine, called periaqueductal gray (PAG), which is important for the perception of pain. refuted however, is the theory according to which the disorder is caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain.
Hormonal influences - such as fluctuations in the menstrual cycle - can trigger a migraine attack. Possibly also certain food and beverages, lack of sleep or stress can promote migraine. but the triggering factors are all highly individual.
First indications that it could be in the complaints to migraine, the physician by the medical history (anamnesis) and especially by the description of headaches and possible further symptoms. In newly occurring, particularly high or unusually extending headache the doctor exclude other causes of the electroencephalogram (EEG), computer tomography (CT) and / or magnetic resonance tomography (MRT) from.
There are several ways to treat migraine. In acute attacks help medicines for headaches and accompanying symptoms. Various non-drug methods can complement the treatment, for example sports, relaxation techniques and stress management training.