Stuffy nose – what to do?

21 October 2017

© iStock

But beware: In some cases the attempt, the nose using nasal spray freizubekommen again, until the reason for the permanently blocked nose. For longer-term use of decongestant nasal sprays can cause the nasal mucosa and the cilia are damaged.

In most cases, a nose verstopfe harmless. Only sleeping, eating and talking can be a bit problematic temporarily because those affected get bad air. Once the cold has subsided after a few days, the mucous membranes swell, and you can breathe freely again. 

Infants and babies makes a stuffy nose to create special because breathing still predominantly done at this time through the nose. The result: The kids can not sleep well and have trouble drinking at night.

can also in infants and babies Nose drops with a saline solution help to free the nose again. These are freely available and have no side effects. In addition, one should especially

Vasoconstrictor nose drops with the active ingredients oxymetazoline or xylometazoline including infants and toddlers are in weaker doses approved under two years - and for short-term thing Anwen not dangerous. Nevertheless: Use decongestant nose drops sparingly and not more than one week! 

Nasal congestion - Find out more

A stuffy nose makes breathing difficult or even makes it impossible to get through the nose air.

Over the two nostrils inhaled air enters the nasal cavity (Nasal cavity) by the Nasal septum (Septum nasi) is divided into the left and right nasal cavity. The nasal cavities in turn, are in three cartilaginous turbinates subdivided.

lie between the turbinates, the three nasal passages, through which the nose is connected to the paranasal sinuses and the throat. The inside of the nose is lined with mucosa.

The nose is not only the smell, it is also part of the respiratory tract. So a stuffy nose makes it difficult not only the smell, but also hinders breathing. © iStock

The nose is not only the smell, it is also part of the respiratory tract. So a stuffy nose makes it difficult not only the smell, but also hinders breathing.

Nasal congestion often occurs as part of a cold in front. A cold typically caused by certain viruses (V. A. Rhino, adeno and corona viruses) that enter through the air in the nasal mucosa and cause inflammation there. The inflammation causes the nasal membranes to swell, blocking the nose in the truest sense of the word.

Not only cold viruses can be behind the common cold and stuffy nose, even allergies come into question as the cause - for example, an animal hair allergy or allergic rhinitis. Experts speak of a so-called allergic rhinitis.

But the nose can also clog without coryza. Possible causes are then, for example:

When you have a stuffy nose not in every case to an ear, nose and throat specialist (otolaryngologist) go. Mild rhinitis example, usually comes back by itself.

However, there are complaints or longer are they pronounced nasal congestion targeted diagnosis by a physician is recommended. When one visits a otolaryngologist because of obstructed nasal breathing, this is a first some questions (Anamnesis):

After the conversation, the doctor examines the Nose and sinuses. Sometimes even further investigations required, for example:

In order to assess the nasal mucosa or to detect any foreign objects in the nose or anatomical changes, is a the nose meaningful. This is a painless examination in which the ENT doctor looks into the nasal cavity using an endoscope. The endoscope can be inserted through the nostrils or mouth.

If necessary, the doctor may also cut nasal discharge or nasal mucosa of the nasal obstruction in the investigation. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor can examine the removed material under the microscope for possible pathogens or tissue changes.

To free a stuffy nose again, often nasal sprays are used. While nasal sprays are not always necessary. 

Among the best known Home remedies for a stuffy nose counting:

Decongestants and nasal sprays from the pharmacy usually contain either the active ingredient oxymetazoline or xylometazoline. These cause the nasal mucosa subsides quickly. This children or adults can relatively quickly breathe for a few hours free. In the application it is necessary to ensure the correct dosage, especially in babies and children, as this is likely in the context of overdose long-term damage to the nasal mucosa. 

In addition, one should not use more than a week decongestant nasal drops, because the lining of the nose to the active substance "used" and permanently zuschwillt. Then, only the consistent omission help to these drugs.

foreign body, which block the nose, can be removed by vigorous nose blowing at times. If this is not possible, the ENT doctor can remove with instruments, possibly as part of an endoscopy. Nasal polyps and nasal septum Warp can be removed surgically or correct therapy.

Is a Nasal septum Warp the reason for the stuffy nose, the doctor usually has to operate so that sufferers can breathe freely again.


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