Tracheotomy (tracheotomy), artificial trachea access (tracheostoma)
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In a tracheotomy - tracheotomy - the surgeon opens the windpipe. The subsequent artificial connection from the trachea to the outside call physicians also tracheostomy. The air then passes not through the nose, but through the opening at the neck into the body.
The tracheostomy (trachea = windpipe) ensures the ventilation a patient in certain situations over an extended period of time. A tracheostomy may for example be useful if the larynx had to be removed because of cancer. Furthermore protecting it from swallowingThe artificially created by a tracheotomy access prevents saliva, drinks or food pulp entering the trachea. This is necessary for example after a stroke, if a person can not swallow properly.
By the way: With the designated colloquially also as tracheotomy Emergency intervention in acute respiratory distress has nothing to do a tracheotomy in general. Rather, the tracheotomy is with artificial trachea access a measure that Not comes in an acute emergency for use, but should ensure the ventilation of a patient over an extended period.