Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal mycosis)
Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal mycosis, mycosis) occurs in three out of four women at least once in their lifetime, making it one of the most common infections of the female reproductive organs.
What is a vaginal yeast infection?
Vaginal yeast infection is a Fungal infection (mycosis) of vagina, ignited by the vaginal mucosa. Vaginal yeast infection is also known by other names:
Soorvaginitis respectively Soorkolpitis indicate the most common pathogens: Thrush is caused by fungi of the genus Candida - hence candidiasis called. Most candidiasis are caused by the Pilz Candida albicans.
The terms vaginitis and vaginitis derived from the Latin or Greek word for vagina from (lat .: vagina, Greek .: Kolpium); the ending -it is refers to inflammation.
Under normal Umständgen call mushrooms no Infection in the vagina out: Usually there prevails an acid, pathogen-hostile environment that protects against infection. Just under certain circumstances can came into the vagina mushrooms act as pathogens and cause a vaginal yeast infection.
Vaginal yeast infection (vaginal mycosis) is one of the occurring with great frequency of infections of the reproductive organs in women: Approximately three out of four women are affected at least once in the life of vaginal yeast infection. In order for the vaginal yeast infection is a common Erkrankung.Allerdings is the frequency depending on the age group different:
Thrush (also candidiasis called) is a by fungi of the genus Candida (Usually Candida albicans) caused fungal infection and the most common cause of vaginal yeast infection.
Candida albicans is part of the normal colonization of the vagina (called. Vaginal flora). Usually - at a normally functioning immune system and uninterrupted protective mechanism of the vagina - they do not cause vaginal inflammation. Due to the natural bacterial colonization of the vagina - especially by the associated lactic acid bacteria (lactobacilli) - prevailing in the vagina acidic, pathogen-hostile environment. This prevents other microorganisms colonize or multiply excessively and the vagina protects against vaginal yeast infection.
In some cases, however, the fungi can act as pathogens:
Frequently prepare Changes in hormone levels and associated mucosal changes the way for a vaginal yeast infection. The following causes are eligible for an increased incidence of vaginal yeast infection due to hormonal changes:
The most common cause of vaginal yeast infection (vaginal mycosis) is the Pathogen Candida albicans, a yeast of the genus Candida. Another representative of the same species, Candida glabrata, can also cause an inflammatory fungal infection of the vagina. All infections caused by fungi of the genus Candida are named candidiasis or thrush: So the vaginal yeast infection by Candida is also Soorvaginitis or Soorkolpitis.
Both fungus species are regularly found on plants and objects. The fungi can pass through different transmission paths into the vagina through the food on the oral mucosa and mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract and from there. The most common is an infection in intercourse. In addition, the pathogens can have a contact infection get (incorrect toilet hygiene) from the rectum into the vagina. But a vaginal mycosis can also arise when people textiles such as bathing suits, underwear or towels share.
Vaginal yeast infection manifests itself through typical symptoms:
In some cases, even small nodules on the skin.
can also other symptoms added, such as:
To clarify, put mushrooms which just behind the inflammation, the doctor takes compromising of the vaginal mucosa, he then examined microscopically: Under the microscope of vaginal mycosis is often detected by the use hyphae or budding cells.
A vaginal yeast infection is with antifungals treated special drugs against fungi. Mostly imidazoles or nystatin in the form of ointments and special vaginal suppositories are used. Imidazoles (e.g. clotrimazole or miconazole) must be used one to six days, depending on dosage. If the vaginal yeast infection for the first time, ranging from a short course in general.
In addition to the antifungal drugs are called antiseptics with the active ingredient povidone iodine available. They are available as a cream, suppository, solution or tablets. Antiseptics are suitable in a lighter or incipient infection vaginal thrush. If you have a thyroid disorder, you may not use these funds, however.
An acute vaginal mycosis does not heal faster if the partner is treated. However, there is a chronic vaginal yeast infection, it is advisable to investigate on fungi also in the male penis and sperm. When doing the same pathogen is like your vaginal thrush infection is an addition to your treatment recommended co-treatment of the partner.
If you have a vaginal yeast infection, you can pay attention to some things themselves:
If you are pregnant and have a vaginal yeast infection, a therapy is definitely still in pregnancy important - even if you have no complaints. Also a fungal prophylaxis may be useful at this time.
Pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to Vaginalpilze due to hormonal changes: About 30 of 100 expectant mothers have at the end of her pregnancy yeast in the genital area. If you do not treat a vaginal yeast infection during pregnancy, the fungus can be transferred to the child at birth. Since newborns do not yet have sufficient immunity, a fungal infection may have negative effects on the child. This is especially true for Premature babies who weigh at birth less than 1500 grams: With them can cause a fungal infection to blood poisoning (Candida sepsis), which is potentially lethal.
In the treatment of vaginal yeast infection during pregnancy, one should note a few things:
On consistently treated vaginal mycosis normally runs quick and easy. In 95 of 100 cases, a vaginal yeast infection Infection occurs after her healing again.
However, if conditions exist that favor fungal infection, a vaginal yeast infection can take a more persistent course. In order to prevent a fungus infects the vagina again, it is particularly important to deal with such favorable conditions as well as other Risk factors consistently off: This helps to prevent chronic vaginal fungi. In addition, it is important for women with vaginal mycosis and its partners to pay attention to a careful sexual health.
If you tend to frequently recurrent vaginal mycosis, you can take further action for the preservation of the natural defense mechanism of the vagina: To do so, agents that Lactic acid bacteria (Lactobacillus grasseri, Lactobacillus acidophilus) included. The lactic acid bacteria can prevent a vaginal yeast infection because they colonize the mucous membranes of the vagina and displace pathogenic fungi. In addition, they lower the pH of the vaginal mucosa and thus contribute to the preservation of the vaginal flora.