Genital warts (condyloma), HPV
Genital warts are also genital warts or pointed condyloma called. They belong to the genital warts and occur both in men and in women.
What are genital warts?
Warts are benign skin lesions caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), mainly on the genitals. so condyloma among the sexually transmitted diseases. They are very contagious, so it makes sense that the partner will also be examined and treated if necessary.
It is estimated that in Western countries has one of 100 sexually active adults genital warts. Most of those affected are old at initial infection from 15 to 30 years. Since most HPV infections of the genitals hardly cause discomfort, more than half of those infected are unaware of their disease.
Together with other caused by HPV (human papillomavirus) genital warts are warts caused by viruses of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.
You can find more information about HPV:
The treatment depends on how far the warts have spread, Where to find this (e.g. in the genital region or in the anal region) and as they are designed.
The following measures are used in the genital warts treatment are used:
You may use the common wart remover during pregnancy Not use - in this case, the doctor can pat trichloroacetic the condyloma.
Danger: It is possible that the partner or the partner has been infected with genital warts - so it makes sense if the other half can be examined by a doctor and treat if necessary!
After the genital warts treatment are follow-ups Important: Even if no warts are visible, outwardly unremarkable, but still infected tissue cells may be present, so that at some point again form genital warts. There are currently no treatment that can prevent a relapse to 100 percent.
Depending on the pathogen strains of HPV can cause not only genital warts, but also other changes in the skin and mucous membranes - both in the genital area as well as elsewhere on the body.
Some human papillomavirus can lead to malignancies, such as cervical cancer. share medical strains of HPV, depending on the associated risk of cancer into two groups:
more than 100 different types of HPV are known worldwide. The responsible for the following warts human papillomavirus among the Low-risk types:
The HP viruses can enter the body through minor injuries (micro injuries) in the skin and mucous membranes. Most people put on during sexual intercourse with HPV. Therefore, in young, sexually active adults get genital warts is a risk, particularly high. Other factors such as smoking and birth control pills promote the HPV infection.
More rarely, the transmission takes place through a smear infection, such as when contaminated objects such as towels shared. In addition, a baby during childbirth may become infected with HPV, if the mother has genital warts.
Genital warts usually appear in the genital area - but they may show up in other parts of the body.
Condyloma can unterschiedlche symptoms cause, depending on where the lesions occur: Many genital warts are hardly visible and make little or no noticeable.
Also known as genital warts or sharp condyloma Genital warts designated formed about four weeks to several months after infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). First created flat, single or beetartig arranged small nodules (Papules) that are difficult to detect. hence the name - typically the warts occur on the labia of the vagina and the penis genital warts. But even in the urethra, the anal canal, the rectum and in rare cases the cervix genital warts can form.
Sometimes there can be
But infection with HPV can not only bring with genital warts themselves, but - depending on the HPV type - to other skin and mucosal changes lead, which are characterized by different symptoms:
In the places that for the classic pointed genital warts (condylomata acuminata) are typical, HPV infections can also called condylomata plana cause: It is shallow and usually flesh-colored warts that are easily overlooked form.
In rare cases, existing genital warts can also be longer extraordinary big be - for example, if the immune system is weakened by the person concerned. The genital warts enlarge and self-assemble on the genitals to large beds - it caused so-called Riesenkondylome or Buschke-Lowenstein tumors.
In this progressive form of genital warts severe symptoms may occur: The overgrowth can transition to a growth that penetrates into the tissue and this destroyed. In addition, fistulas may form in the anal canal or into the rectum to the urethra. In addition, squamous cell carcinoma can form from the overgrowth.
In addition to genital warts infection can trigger with HPV also symptoms Not the typical image of a wart match: pigmented, papular lesions. Here is hemispherical or flat lesions with or without brown pigmentation, which are located at the typical genital warts places. Unlike the warts lesions do not tend to Beetbildung. A transition to a malignant (malignant) degeneration is possible.
In addition to genital warts and other genital warts human papillomavirus can (HPV) also elsewhere on the body trigger symptoms of a skin infection: Such verruca vulgaris respectively common warts occur on the lower abdomen, thigh, hands or face. Typical signs of these warts is a seemingly horny thickened skin layer.
Genital warts in women
the diagnosis is close to genital warts (condylomata acuminata) based on the typical appearance. In the initial stage, the papules are on the affected skin but not those with poor may see or. to them make them visible, the doctor can dab with a three-percent acetic acid: This warts to turn white.
Genital warts and other warts caused by HPV in the genital area may also be linked with the development of skin cancer. If in doubt, the doctor will therefore take a tissue sample and examine it under a microscope. It is also important that he excludes other sexually transmitted diseases, as this may increase the HPV infection or be obscured by this.
It is also important that any sexual partners can also investigate because genital warts are contagious.
treated Genital warts and others caused by HPV warts are usually harmless. Occasionally disappear warts spontaneously, without treatment. However, about 30 percent of successfully treated warts occur again.
However, under certain circumstances, the warts begin to proliferate and spread strongly from (so-called. Buschke-Lowenstein tumors).
Rarely, HPV-related genital warts can change into malignant tumors. Human papillomaviruses are divided into different types - some of them are associated with an increased risk of malignant changes. doctors differ
Genital warts and other genital warts caused by HPV (human papillomavirus) you can prevent to a certain extent: