Cold (flu infection): Every year
A cold is accompanied by rather mild discomfort and sometimes with fever. Often a flu infection occurs after exposure to cold or stress when the body is weakened.
A cold is a acute infection of the upper respiratory tract: Who has a cold, has an acute inflammation of the nose and throat, with increased aqueous or mucous secretion secretes (so-called. Catarrh).
Typically, a flu infection is a viral infection - so it is caused by viruses. In a few cases, it comes in addition to a bacterial infection with a cold.
the designation gripal infect leaves many people in a flu (Influenza) think. In fact, some cold symptoms of a beginning mild flu may resemble. But colds and flu are two completely different diseases:
Flu or cold?
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A cold (flu) caused many symptoms that may vary in severity from case to case. Classic cold symptoms are:
By the inflamed nasal mucosa a flu infection caused initially a tickle in the nose and sneezing. These symptoms are rapidly sniff (Acute rhinitis) above: The result is an aqueous to muco-purulent discharge (secretion). Therefore, a cold triggers the following other symptoms of:
In addition, effective at the start or in the course of a cold on common symptoms, which often occur in other diseases. Frequent general symptoms the flu include:
Especially in children a flu infection caused occasional fever. If the inflammation of the upper respiratory tract ascending or descending spreads, may be added further general and specific symptoms of a cold.
In infants often occur in the context of cold symptoms of a particular form of laryngitis, which was as croup designated. Characteristic of the croup are a barking cough and wheezing with whistling noises when inhaled.
In a cold and symptoms of tracheal and bronchial inflammation can (acute tracheitis and acute bronchitis) occur. Typical of an inflamed trachea and bronchial mucosa are cough with muco-purulent sputum and often chest pain. But not just a flu infection can cause such symptoms, but also other serious diseases. If it is not clear whether one really "just" has a cold, it is important to let clarify this doctor.
A cold (flu) does not arise despite the designation by cold, but by pathogens - usually by viruses. However, it is usually cold, when the immune system of the body is weakened (e.g., due to stress or exposure to cold).
A cold, by over 200 different types of virus arise. However, some viruses cause colds often a flu infection than others:
Can infect others with his cold not only who is obviously cold. Even seemingly healthy people can spread a flu infection. Because already in the incubation period, a cold is contagious - so if the infection has already occurred but not yet been felt. The common cold virus may be as follows from person to person enter:
How is actually a cold and what causes the symptoms? Our Erkältungs video reveals it to you!
Sometimes it happens in a virus-caused colds additionally an infection with bacteria. Because a flu infection weakens the body, so that bacteria easily penetrate into the body and can spread. In that case it is called a mixed infection respectively superinfection. Most frequent cause of bacterial superinfection are:
When it comes at a common cold to serious complications, often stuck behind bacteria.
At a cold (flu infection) diagnosis can often be achieved already based on the patient's complaints (so-called. Anamnesis(So-called) and physical examination. clinical findings). On examination, her reddened nose and throat fall on in the first place. called white coating on the tonsils, even Stippchen, are an indication of bacterial tonsillitis (tonsillitis), which can be treated with antibiotics.
In people who - apart from the common cold - are healthy, the collection of complaints and the investigation are entirely sufficient. Is suspected pneumonia or runs a flu infection atypical or lengthy, are further investigations sense - for example:
Many people using this lung disease, the doctor may also examine the saliva for pathogens. Only in rare cases, a lung (bronchoscopy) or computed tomography (CT) is required in a cold.
A cold (flu infection) usually goes away without any treatment by itself. Nevertheless, it may be advisable to take various measures to suppress the unwanted symptoms.
In a cold, there are some things you can do yourself. Because often enough general measures in order to alleviate cold symptoms. So you can support your recovery by, for example:
There is no reason not to try various home remedies for the common cold: Some people swear by ginger (ginger tea with lemon juice and honey), others inhale with a cold prefer tea tree or peppermint oil or put a sliced onion on the bedside table, so the vapors to relieve cold.
By the way: The fact that in the flu helps a great deal to drink, is scientifically Not occupied. A hot Erkältungstee, other hot drinks or the classic chicken soup can have a cold but soothing be.
Against a cold medications also can be used: There are many resources available that help with the flu.
However, if you're hoping to be able to get rid of his cold quickly thanks to the drugs, will be disappointed. for the reason of flu infection can be not eliminate: There is no special cold remedy that is effective against all cold viruses. Drug therapy is only used the relieve discomfort.
So you can have a cold painkillers taking for a sore throat, headache and body aches - such as acetaminophen or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA). If your children have a cold, give them but under no circumstances Medication with ASA, otherwise known as a risk to the Reye's syndrome consists.
Often come with a cold also decongestant nose drops used to facilitate breathing and to treat an ear piercing or so-called laid ears. If a flu infection is associated with dry cough, a few-day treatment is carried cough medicines containing codeine damping recommended.
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In a cold one can only treat the symptoms, not the cause. For example, by decongestant nasal sprays or drops. But beware: those who use the center more than a week, risking a habituation effect and duration of colds.
can for coughs expectorant cough syrups be a help. However, such expectorants are in infants and in people with asthma with caution use against the common cold, as these have problems, even cough up the mucus.
Antibiotics are not cold remedies
Earlier in a cold treatment with antibiotics was often taken for granted. Today we know: In acute colds help these drugs Not, because antibiotics only work against bacteria.
Only when a flu infection is associated with a bacterial infection (so-called. mixed infection), It is advisable to this treat under medical supervision with an antibiotic.
In a cold during pregnancy applies: Before taking medication for your discomfort, keep the best Consulting your doctor! He can tell you which means you can apply without hesitation against your cold. Since a flu infection is not a particular risk for the mother and child, you can largely avoid drugs in the treatment.
In order to improve the symptoms of a cold or ward off flu infections, many people prefer alternative therapies into consideration. This includes, for example, herbal medicine, acupuncture or homeopathy. Whether a cold can thereby be really alleviate or prevent is often doubtful. Seek advice from your doctor.
Most sounds a cold (flu infection) after a period of eight to ten days saying again - its course is therefore typically limited.
Just Rare taking a cold one complicated course. Even a cold during pregnancy usually presents no risk to mother and child. However Ignoring a flu and did not protects, increases the risk of complications.
A virus-induced cold can lead to complications in the course because it weakens the immune system. For a weakened immune system makes it easier for bacteria also infect the body. By such additional bacterial infection (So-called. superinfection) Can get a flu infection aggravate.
is typical sign of a bacterial superinfection purulent, yellowish-greenish secretions, secretes the inflamed mucosa. Also fever can point at a cold to a bacterial infection. The spread of the bacteria can cause the following diseases:
100 percent can be a cold (flu) Not prevent. You can only try to protect themselves against infection largely by the maintain contact with the pathogens of colds as low as possible.
The pathogens can be spread by coughing or sneezing into the air and therefore also stick to objects. Touch these things that pathogens can turn pass through your hands in your airways. The important tips for the common cold then be:
In addition, it is generally recommended that own promote defenses. After all, a strengthened immune system can withstand cold viruses better, so the risk of colds decreased. Preventively act as:
Also Regular sauna sessions keep your immune system fit, so you can fight off a flu infection easier. (However, the sauna works at a acute Cold or even the flu negative out.) To prevent a cold, is also a sufficient, restful sleep particularly important.
The long-standing assumption that the additional intake of vitamin C protects against colds, but has Not approved.
Even with a flu shot, you can a cold Not Prevent: This vaccination does not protect against the flu, but only before the real flu. Since the pathogen - the flu viruses - are constantly changing, every year, an amended new vaccine is used. Therefore, the flu vaccine only protects against flu if they can be re-vaccinated every year.
The Facts Health Check you know when and how to use antibiotics in children makes sense.