Rash (rash)

21 October 2017

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Red spots, hives, pimples or blisters, with or without itching: There are numerous forms of skin rash. Often stuck harmless causes behind it. But especially in children, the rash may also indicate diseases like measles or rubella.

Itchy rashes are used in medicine often called eczema designated. An acute (ie suddenly trespassing) Eczema is manifested by burning or itchy skin, which also wets part. Itchy rash is usually accompanied by a reddening - affected skin are overheated. In a chronic (ie lasting) Eczema is often the texture of the skin changed - it is leathery and begins to flake. The skin is not so much reddened.

The various skin lesions are called in the jargon lesions. As predominant primary call doctors the changes directly occur due to an illness - for example, red spots or hives. In the course of these skin appearance may change but - doctors speak of secondary efflorescences.

An example: An incipient rash falls through red spots (primary lesion) on the face. After a few hours the stains have spread throughout the body. The rash associated with itching. By scratching a scab forms on the spots that is now regarded as secondary efflorescence, as it has evolved from the first skin change.

To predominant primary include (in parentheses, the technical term):

secondary efflorescences are:

However, there are numerous non-infectious diseases, which rashes can express. These include:

In many cases, the rash is a sign of disease in children. The pictures in the table below are intended to help the rash of a certain childhood disease to assign. 

To get started quickly if necessary with an appropriate treatment, is a rapid diagnosis sense of the cause. Therefore, it is advisable to consult the family doctor, a dermatologist, or in children the pediatrician.

in the talk the doctor will first ask is when and at what part of the body the rash first appeared. For an accurate diagnosis is also important:

Depending on the suspected cause still further questions may arise.

Then the doctor examines the victims and sees the rash carefully. For this he uses a magnifying glass, a wooden or glass spatula and optionally other optical devices. In addition, the doctor often scans the lymph nodes from, takes a look into the throat and measures the body temperature. 

To determine what exactly is causing the rash, are - depending on the findings - further investigations necessary, for example:

With some types of skin rash is already the body site, where the rash occurs predominantly a Clue to the cause:

In rash, the therapy depends on the cause. Thus, the rash disappears, for example, at a contact allergy, by avoiding the allergen (e.g., a nickel-wristwatch with nickel allergy).

Childhood diseases such as measles are usually only symptomatic treatment. After disease and the rash disappears.

A however, specific therapy for skin diseases such as psoriasis necessary, from

However, can be in the psoriasis only treat the symptoms; a complete cure of this skin disease is not yet possible. This also applies to the atopic dermatitis or eczema.

Occurs with rash itching to come often Ointments and creams used, which should maintain the affected skin and relieve the symptoms. In eczema - ie an inflammation of the skin - often doctors prescribe ointments for treatment with glucocorticoids (also known as "cortisone" designated). These ointments individuals must apply locally to the affected skin areas - one also speaks of a local therapy. In severe cases, people affected take sometimes a tablet containing glucocorticoids. Then one speaks of a so-called systemic therapy.


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